Seoul has known two main improvement plans during the colonial period. The first (1912) was characterized by radial streets linking the headquarter buildings creating the same pattern as the one used in Versailles and Washington DC as a way to …

Seoul / How the Japanese occupation shaped the city of Seoul – Development inequalities Read more »

1. Kinetic City Now 2.Special growth and evolution under colonization – dramatic urbanization 3. Urban Spectacles? Urban Horror. Whose fault to blame? 4. Cleaning up the mess and attempts that failed 5. More plans and conclusion   Division of race Cross …

3. Mumbai – Urban Spectacles? Urban Horror. Whose fault to blame? Read more »

1. Kinetic City Now 2.Special growth and evolution under colonization – dramatic urbanization 3. Urban Spectacles? Urban Horror. Whose fault to blame? 4. Cleaning up the mess and attempts that failed 5. More plans and conclusion   From Bombay to Mumbai, …

2. Mumbai – Spatial growth and evolution under colonization – dramatic urbanization Read more »

Canal and Street Systems + Settlement Patterns Reference: Chulalongkorn University. Physical Elements of Krung Rattanakosin. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Press, 1991. Establishment (1782) Upon establishment of Bangkok as a city, Rama I constructed two main canals lining the boundary of urban …

Bangkok / Morphology of Canals,Streets and Urban Settlements Read more »

  Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey, within twenty over the world, which also under the problem of conservation of historical building. The tradition and Islam make the Mosque overflow in this old, blooming empire capital. some important architects …

Istanbul/ Open Space Map of Istanbul Historical Peninsula in1922 Read more »

Landscape vs Waterscape (Source: Larry Sternstein, Portrait of Bangkok – adapted by Thaitakoo & McGrath, 2009, ‘The Landscape of Bangkok’s Agricultural Fringe and City Region Sustainability: An Ecological and Cultural Co-Evolution’) From 1935 to 1975, land based infrastructural construction dominated the transportation …

Bangkok(1960-1970) / Morphology of Land and Water Based Network 1935-1975 Read more »