Kyoto/ Old Map
Kyoto, as the ancient capital of Japan, has long been regarded as a cultural site with significant historic value. It is the shrines, the palaces, the gardens and the temples that added up to its sacred identity as an imperial capital. Along with that, there is the ma-chi, the streets and valleys that constitute a Kyoto of the people. Kyoto’s unique cultural identity and urban fabric is no merely a result of the top-down imperial influence, but also the fruit of bottom-up engagement of the citizens in the city.
Kyoto is a fortunate city. Most of its important historical sites were spared during World War II. The left legacy is recognized by the UNESCO as one of the World Heritage Sites. This heritage from the ancient Kyoto plays a subtle rule in shaping the modern Kyoto. It acts as both constrain and trigger in the urbanization of Kyoto.
Map showing Kyoto in the 17th century with zoning. A lot of the area is preserved later on as important historic sites.
Map showing the important historic sites during World War II, drawn by the US Army. All the bombing activities spared the area labeled in red.
Map showing the conservation zones and preservation of suburban green districts in and around Kyoto.
- WALEY, P., & FIÉVÉ, N. (2000). Japanese capitals in historical perspective: place, power and memory in Kyoto, Edo and Tokyo. Richmond, Curzon.