Tokyo 1961 | Tokyo Bay Plan
Since the dawn of 20th century, the population of Tokyo had been growing exponentially due to technical developments and economical growth. Such condition unfortunately contributed in development of slum districts in congested industrial areas. Most of these population, as Tokyo became too congested and expensive, needed to found more economical housings in further away areas. (What had been a city of 1.4 million population at the start of 20th century grew into 9.6 million by 1960). Thus the population eventually dispersed in all directions away from the center of Tyoko, growing in a radial manner.
This manner of growth, as suggested by Kenzo Tange, did not facilitate efficiently enough for Tokyo population that had been reaching 10 million. As people living in more than 40 km away needed to travel into city, the city needed to accommodate at least 2 million influx population that went in and out of Tokyo. Therefore to enhance the flexibility of environment Tange proposed development of linear structure, with its core as Tokyo. It has its adaptation of the assembly lines in such industrial age.
The linear city would have cyclical transportation. This will require separation of pedestrian and vehicular road system, and its relationship with building in term of scales needed change as well. One-way traffic system was also advocated due to its ability to accommodate twenty times the volume of traffic that Tokyo had at the time.
More architectural detail of his proposal will be discussed.
GUSTAVO, S. A. (ed.) (1979) Kenzo Tange. Barcelona: Estudiopaperback.