Ho Chi Minh/ Economic activity of South Vietnam, 1972

Economic activity of South Vietnam © 1972, The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech University
Economic activity of South Vietnam © 1972, The Vietnam Center and Archive at Texas Tech University

The proximity to the ocean of Saigon favored its formation as an important sea port for import of raw materials and export of industrial goods. As seen in the diagram map, the Saigon region consists of every single type of industrial activity within South Vietnam. The availability of Oil Storage and hence Electricity was also an important factor to the growth of industry in Saigon. It is also near the fertile regions of the Mekong River Delta where crops grow best and hence plantations are located. These plantation serves as an important source of raw materials for the industries in Saigon, particularly the paper, sugar and tobacco production. Saigon is quite close to these regions hence the transportation cost is low. Certain industries such as beer and soft drinks production are for domestic uses. As Saigon is one of the most important cities in South Vietnam, the industry locating within the city would provide cheap domestic goods to its people, making industries self-sustainable. All these locational factors contributed to the concentrated industrial growth in Saigon.

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