Chongqing(1950s-1960s)/a Multinucleus industrial city, Geography of Chongqing
Chongqing is a large city in southwest China, and it is at the east of Sichuan Basin. At the border of the basin, it is mainly hilly and mountainous ground, and has a nickname “mountain city”. There are Daba Mountain, Wu Mountain, Wuling Mountain, and Dalou Mountain around Chongqing. And Chongqing is the Jialing River falls into the Yangtze River.
This topography makes it difficult for overland transportation, thus in history Chongqing has always been a scattered city. Then it is not surprising they created a city which has one main city center and 4 satellite towns with secondary centers, and has 9 industrial clusters in the 1960’s city planning. This city plan shows respect to the topography, and is a continuation of Chongqing in the past. Hilly ground is the primary cause of relatively independent and self-sufficient settlements.
However, Chongqing still grew up to be a city, a rather large and prosperous one. The two rivers, Jialing River and Yangtze River should take the credit. Along the rivers there is some flat land, and the land on the banks are connected by the rivers and shipping. Although the rivers are barriers, for a mountainous city like Chongqing, it is also a connection, both among different parts of the city, and with other cities, other regions, and even the sea. The Yangtze River connects Chongqing with all the downstream cities, such as Fuling, Yichang, wuhan, Nanjing, Zhenjiang, and Shanghai. At the same time Chongqing is connected with the East China Sea (the Pacific Ocean), and the Great Canal by shipping. We all know that shipping is the cheapest means of transportation, and with this advantage it was easy to develop industry in Chongqing. Transporting materials and product would not be a problem, even Chongqing is far inland. I think that’s why Chongqing got the chance to be noticed and developed by both governments- the Republic of China and the People’s Republic of China.