Chongqing(1950s-1960s)/a Multinucleus industrial city, Introduction
Chongqing is one of the largest cities in southwest China. And in this series of posts of our group, I will introduce the status and factors of Chongqing as a industrial city, during the early stage of People’s Republic of China.
This “early stage”, in some historian’s definition, is from 1949 to 1983, which is the period of “planned economy” of China. And most development in this stage happens in 1950-1966, before the Cultural Revolution, when everything became messy and city planning of Chongqing had not change much. So the discussion in the following posts would be about the period of 1950s-1960s.
In the background of planned economy, urban planning was hugely effected by policy. Affected by factors such as the mountainous topography, and guided by the policy of developing heavy industry in Chongqing, it became an important industrial centre of southwest China, and it has quality of the model “Industrial city”. It is a multinucleus industrial city, with quite a few industrial-housing clusters. These clusters are relatively independent and self-sufficient, and there are traffic connecting them with the city centers.
In the following posts, I will discuss the status and factors of Chongqing’ s urban planning as a industrial city in five aspects: (1) geographical conditions, (2) economy, (3) social value and culture, (4) population, and (5) politics.
Hopefully I can introduce more details and dig a little bit deeper there.