Dhaka/ Influence of British Rule in the Modernization of Dhaka – Infrastructure
Under the influence of the Industrial Revolution, many technologies got to advance to the next level in Europe. After the British Crown took over control of the region in 1858, and the establishment of the Dacca Municipality on 1 August 1864, they brought these technologies to Southeast Asia, including railways, modern water and electricity supply systems, and sewage systems.
Figure 1: Water Supply System in Dhaka
The above figure illustrated the water supply system in Dhaka nowadays which mainly developed during the British rule in 1874. Electricity supply was also introduced in 1878. These systems are being considered very advance in the Southeast Asia by the end of the 19th century. These helped raising the living standard of the people living in Dhaka.
Figure 2: Roads and Rails of Dhaka Under British Rule
Figure 2 shows the roads and rails developed under the British Rule. Railways in Dhaka were being introduced in 1885 connecting Dhaka and Narayanganj. Four years later, in 1889, Mymensingh was also connected to Dhaka. The establishment of these railways and roads enhanced the trade between the coast and the inland of Bengal (later Bangladesh). People and goods can have a higher flexibility between these places.
Figure 3: Dhaka (Dacca) in 1924
From figure 3, more area was being developed comparing with figure 2’s built area. Dhaka College was established in 1835 as an English School, educated lots of local Muslim and Hindu students as well as Armenians and Portuguese Diplomats’ children. It can be identified as the establishment of education system in Dhaka. In 1921, the University of Dhaka was established as the continuum of Dhaka College as a tertiary studies, educating Dhaka talents till now.