Ho Chi Minh/ Embassy of United States, Saigon

Ho Chi Minh/ Embassy of United States, Saigon
Embassy of the United States, Saigon, 1975 (Source Unknown)
Embassy of the United States, Saigon, 1975 (Source Unknown)
Embassy of the United States, Saigon, 1975 (Source Unknown)

There are few significant buildings in Saigon before the fall of Saigon. They are the US Embassy and Reunification Palace. Both buildings are located in District 1 of Ho Chi Minh City.

The US Embassy of South Vietnam was originally located in another region within a building. Due to bombings threatening the safety of the Embassy, a new building is built to house the US Embassy. It is relocated to a site known as the Norodom Compound (Norodom was originally the name of the Reunification Palace), which Embassies of other countries as well as the Reunification Palace was also in the same compound.

The Embassy has two compounds to reinforce defense of the embassy. It was also built with a concrete lattice facade in order to deflect rockets and gunfire. There was also a helipad for helicopters to land.

The Embassy was a significant symbol of US intervention of the Vietnam War. It has been the target of attacks of the North Vietnamese army as it was immediately attacked in February 1968, only a few months later of its completion. Although the attack was a failure, it had a great impact people’s impression on the Americans’ ability to prevent such attack.

In 1975, when the North Vietnamese had almost taken Saigon, the US Embassy was used to evacuate American Citizens away before North Vietnam takes over the city. Its garden trees were chopped down to give room for a bigger helicopter to land.

After North Vietnam took over Saigon, the US Embassy was immediately scoured. After useful information was gathered, it served as the office of a government owned oil company. This marks the end of US interference of Vietnam as well.

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