Ho Chi Minh/ Tet Offensive
South Vietnam was in war with North Vietnam during the Vietnam War. Before North Vietnam’s Victory, there was various warfares which affected the Saigon-Cholon regions (Now known as Ho Chi Minh City). The Tet Offensive, was particularly significant.
The Tet Offensive was a surprise attack by the North Vietnam during Lunar New Year, while a cease fire was effective. The South Vietnam was shocked by the attack and it caused severe damage to many cities, including Saigon.
The attack on Saigon was called the First Battle of Saigon, which the North Vietnamese troops attacked several key buildings within Saigon, including the Presidential Palace, the US Embassy etc. The battle lasted for more than a month and the South Vietnamese troops and US Army managed to beat back most of the attacking forces. Some sections of the city however were still badly damaged.
Severe fighting also occurred in the Chinese neighborhood of Cholon, southwest of the city center, which was being used as a control center by the North Vietnamese. The battle lasted for more than a month and destroyed many houses in the process.
After the attack, another attack called the May Offensive was issued later. South Vietnam was more prepared this time however North Vietnam Troops were still able to slip through the defense and attack Saigon. Cholon, Phú Lâm, the Y-Bridge in Saigon and Tan Son Nhut Air Base was the areas where the battle occurred. Cholon was struck once again, destroying more homes and making more people homeless.
After these two attacks, South Vietnam have a hard time recovering from its loss. Large amount of refugees, loss of infrastructure and facilities have to be dealt with.