Istanbul / Bibliography
A.L. MACFIE (1998), The End of the Ottoman Empire 1908-1923, London & New York: Longman
The book examined some of the key moments and ‘turning points’ that lead to the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in the period of the First World War. From the ruins of the great empire, it resulted in a series of successor states ad mandated territories including Albania, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, Saudi Arabia and nonetheless Turkey.
The book clearly describes some of the major events that lead to the destruction of the Empire and examines the factors which affect the outcomes. The author analyses the forces of reform, revolution and reaction within the Ottoman territories and it also focuses the role of the Committee of Union and Progress that is the secret society governing in the Ottoman Empire throughout most of this period. He also illustrates the impact of the Empire on its successive defeats suffered in the Tripolitanian, Balkan War and the First World War.
After reading some of the major factors on the collapse of the empire, I think that the administrative problem of the imperial system contributes a significantly large role among all the factors. The quality of Sultan’s governing ability declined rapidly in the seventeenth and eighteenth century. The entire Ottoman Empire was built around Sultan and he never left has palace. He could not see the discontent of the citizens on the poor economic condition, high unemployment rate and corruption of the state power that stirred up the eager of revolution to overthrow the ruined imperial power.