Tokyo | Redevelopment of Tsukiji Area by Kenzo Tange
During the same phase of Kenzo Tange’s work that began with the Tokyo Plan of 1960, another project that emerged was the plans for the Head Office of the Dentsu Advertising Company, which was intended as the first stage in the redevelopment of the Tsukiji area in Tokyo. These two projects offered a new approach to the problems of a high density urban environment.
“Looking back over my attitude towards architecture and urban design, I find that my earliest approach was a functional one but that very soon problems of surpassing the boundaries of functionalism emerged.” Kenzo Tange commented about his work in Tokyo and Hiroshima. He believed that function and space must reflect and identify each other correspondingly.
In such a high-density high mobility setting – Tokyo – actual mobility is reflected within communication. When people and things are in a fluid state of flow, Tange suggests that it is possible to have visual communication in instances where nothing really moves. He suggests that a space should not be static, but a communicational field that gives a symbolic meaning to a form.
The redevelopment proposal for the Tsukiji area in Tokyo was actually the more actualized version of the Tokyo Plan. Kenzo Tange considered giving structure to space as the answer to formalizing communicational activities and flows within spaces. Therefore intensified vertical cores were planned to carry people, information and energy upward. It represented a new type of mobility – from horizontal to vertical. Suspended bridge-like buildings were built between the adjacent series of vertical cores. The system, in Kenzo’s mind, was a representation of how “the whole world would grow into three-dimensional lattices.”