Beijing (1950s) / The characteristic feature of Modern China

The characteristic feature of Modern China

To understand the development of contemporary China, there are a few characteristic feature of China was a long established ideology and culture with supportive institutions, including:
– centralized imperial rule;

  • Confucianism;
  • agricultural economy
  • family centered social security system
  • self sufficiency;
  • traditional feelings of the superiority of the Chinese race

 

This ideology and culture developed through the control of successive dynasties starting with the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties of the ‘ancient era’. The recorded history of China began in the fifteenth century BC when the Shang Dynasty used graphic markings that evolved into the present Chinese characters. City-states grew up in the Yellow River valley, which saw the beginnings of the development of Chinese civilization. It is generally accepted that in its development China alternated between periods of political unity and ‘separatism’, and at times it was dominated by foreigners, most of whom were eventually assimilated into the Han Chinese population. The influx of cultural and political influences from many parts of Asia, carried by successive waves of immigration, expansion and assimilation, eventually merged to create the Chinese culture.

 

Through the First Five-Year plan in 1953-7, China started a program of rapid industrialization along the ocean line, which primarily promoted heavy industry with the objective of becoming economically strong country. Since that period the Chinese were too focus on money-making and the industrial development where losing a lot of traditional quality of the culture. Including architecture, traditional crafts and skills etc.

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