Jakarta , Preliminary Result of Population Censu
BPS (2011), Preliminary Result of Population Censu, Jakarta, Banten and West Java, Bandung Institute of Technology
The professor accurately defined the growth process of Jabodetabek, The greater Jakarta, through statistics. one part of it reconstructs the process in 3 part of population increase and states what kind of growth this is, a Donut effect. Through a lot of figures and statistics it illustrates how a lot of misinterpretation of how they thought the population is going to grow and how it actually went.
“There are three components in annual urban population increase: The first is natural population increase, meaning the number of people born minus the number of those who died in the same year.
Second is the net migration, which is the number of incoming migrations minus outgoing migrations.
Third is reclassification, more popularly referred to as changes in rural localities to urban localities. The trend of 1990-2000 period indicated high rates of population growth in cities in Bodetabek attributed to net migration and reclassification. What is the importance of the population growth in Jabodetabek?
The population of DKI Jakarta, as the core of Jabodetabek, is now nearing 10 million, not including the number of commuters from surrounding areas, including Bodetabek, which is estimated to have reached 1.5 million.
Indeed, the population of DKI Jakarta only increased by 1.40 percent per year over the past decade, but this figure actually surged sharply from only 0.16 percent over the period 1990-2000.
This is quite astonishing, because the growth rate of DKI Jakarta’s population was expected to decline following the trends of population growth during 1990-2000.
Thus far, the data shows that Bodetabek experienced rapid development. The growth of Jabodetabek’s population during 1990-2000 is often referred to as a doughnut phenomenon, where the center is empty and thick at the edges. However, now the doughnut is getting bigger and solidifying.
Overall this indicates a spill-over of various socio-economic activities from DKI Jakarta to its peripheries that need huge tracts of land, including large-scale housing areas and industrial estates.”