Beijing (1950s) / Bibliography
Author: Victor F. S. Sit
The book traced the history of Beijing from its emergence as the capital city. From the chapter 4, the book talks about post-1949 Beijing which the author concludes it as “a socialist city model” (Sit, 1995, p. 366) after its rebirth as the most important city of China and before the 1980s. Beijing is compared to East European socialist cities, and despite local uniqueness they share a number of common factors according to socialist principles the book refers to.
The history of Beijing from 1949 to 1957 is categorized to the “phase of early construction” (Sit, 1.995, p. 92) as one of the four main planning phases. The chapter mainly records the explicit influence of the Soviet model and the supervision of the Soviet experts, and point out that the key concepts and standards adopted during this phase holds sway until 1980s or 1990s.
Apart from being a model of socialist city, Beijing is also concluded as a “model for the nation” (Sit, 1995, p. 363). The difference between Beijing and other Chinese city is in respect to the administrative rather than to qualitative of functional differences.
The book provides an objective narrative of Beijing with comparative analysis and abundant materials on the influence of socialist ideology, helping me form cognition of this typical communist city before it becomes a complex international city as it tends to be today.
Sit, V. (1995). Beijing : the nature and planning of a Chinese capital city. Chichester: Wiley