Beijing (1950s) / Single-Centre Blueprint

Beijing (1950s) / Single-Centre Blueprint
Location of the Administration Center in the Beijing Urban Master Plan of 1953 © 1995, Li Zhun
Plan For Development Of Beijing’s Suburban Areas (Revised In 1954) © 1986, 北京建设史书编辑委员会编辑部
Plan For Development Of Beijing’s Suburban Areas (Revised In 1954) © 1986, 北京建设史书编辑委员会编辑部
Beijing Urban Master Plan in sketch (revised in 1954) © 1986, 北京建设史书编辑委员会编辑部
Beijing Urban Master Plan in sketch (revised in 1954) © 1986, 北京建设史书编辑委员会编辑部
Location of the Administration Center in the Beijing Urban Master Plan of 1953 © 1995, Li Zhun
Location of the Administration Center in the Beijing Urban Master Plan of 1953 © 1995, Li Zhun

The debate on the location of the central administration center of the Central People’s Government was brought to an end in 1953 when the First Five-Year Plan started. The Key Points in the Draft Plan for Renovation and Expansion of Beijing stated that the anticipated central administration district shall be located in the core area of the old city.

This core area is expanded to the Xinjiekou-Caishikou- Suanshikou-Beixinqiao loop line to accommodate major leading organizations of the central and Beijing municipal governments. Tiananmen Square is expanded to where the Chang’an Left Gate and Chang’an Right Gate are located. High-rise buildings are constructed around the square to serve as the country’s administration center. The Zhongnanhai area is expanded westwards to reach the West Huangchenggen, as home to major central organizations.

The govenment  planned that Beijing develops from within this central area to outside it, from near to distant. However, potential problems remain for this decision. Within the old city where both the population densities and the built-space-ratio were high, numerous troubles are to handle if new buildings are to build. Considering the time, money and trouble in demolishing the old buildings and rehousing the local residents, the reality might not cooperate with this blueprint.

 

References:

北京建设史书编辑委员会编辑部, (1986). Beijing’s Urban Construction since the Birth of New China. Michigan: University of Michigan Press.

Li, Z. (1995). On the Anticipated Administration Center. Beijing Planning Review, (4).

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