Jerusalem / Bibliography
The Open Veins of Jerusalem, second edition Munir Akash, Fouad Moughrabi, 1998
Sarah Rogers in ‘The Dome of Rock as a National icon’ outlines the claiming made by certain Palestinians on their paintings that the Dome of Rock is of Palestinian possession and identity, thus making Jerusalem theirs. This is read through the repetition of the Dome of Rock together with the Masjid Al’ Aqsa on such paintings and these two ‘monuments’ are placed close together to signify the connection/intimacy between the two (examples include: Issa Abido, Jerusalem, 1988 and Dawoud Zalatimo, The Dome of Rock 1979). However, by looking at some of such Palestinian paintings religion and regionalism in our argument comes into question since some paintings depict crucifixion which as stated by Rogers could be a redemption and this would question religious unity (split due to different religions- Muslims and Jews/Christians) or it could also be a religious coalesce which would then make it of a regional split (the Palestinians and Israelis).
Jabra Ibrahim Jabra, Jerusalem: Time Embodied
“…The first thing one must say here about Jerusalem is that it is an Arab city who’s Arab character is deep-rooted, despite the fact that Zionists have occupied its newer half. For its occupied newer half is as Arab as its older half and the rest of the occupied Palestine…”
Cautious Commemoration: Localism, Communalism, and Nationalism in Palestinian Memorial Monuments in Israel, Tamir Sorek, Journal, April 2008
The presence of monuments provides evidence of historical events but at the same time the absence of such monuments also speak of other possibilities. As highlighted by Sorek, this absence supports the fact that the Jewish majority control the common place and landscape whereas the Palestinians have no common place outside the Arab settlements and they suffer from the lack of urban centres which could act as symbolic for the placement of commemorative monuments (regionalism). Also, Jerusalem is outside their control as a religious-cultural centre. It could also be added that monuments were linked to the West and this cultural difference could be the reason behind their absence in Arab Palestine which is about religious identity rather than regionalism. However, it must be noted that the Land Day, acts as a ‘monument’ in the disguise of an event where Palestinians commemorate the martyrs of the events of 1976.
Israel Opposing Viewpoints, Ed. John Woodward, Greenhaven Press, 2005
What becomes quite interesting in this collection of view points is the evaluation of different opinions from different people arguing over a point, proposing and opposing it. Considering Jerusalem which is a region of great subjectivity, it becomes quite important to look at both sides, the Israelis and the Palestinians and only then would one be able to capture and evaluate in accordance to what could be a cause or a consequence, of what should or shouldn’t be. As stated on the book, looking at opposing viewpoints enables one to understand the ‘whole subject through a variety of opinion and study modes’.