Chongqing(1983)/Overall urban planning
In 1983, the State Council of China approved the first urban planning proposal for Chongqing City, which was aimed at establishing a center city for the upper Yangtze River and the Southeastern China. Featured with restrictions on city scale, the proposal divided the main city into fourteen independent districts with competent working zone, living zoon and public infrastructure facilities. It was the first time that the multinuclear urban planning strategy was raised. The overall proposal could be summarized into the following parts:
Except the urban center, the population of each district was limited within 230 thousands. Because each district independently has its working zone, living zone and proper infrastructures, most of the daily activities could be done within it. People could conveniently transfer between working and living area by walk. Consequently, the needs on public and private transportation would be reduced, which would contribute to the energy conservation and time-efficiency of the whole city.
More over, as a mountain city located at the upstream of Yangtze River, the demarcations between the districts would be founded on it natural topography. The preserved green belts would also contribute to a better environment and living condition.
Connections: Systematic traffic network
The whole city was covered by three concentric rings, which was connected by several radial roads as well as some bridges crossing the rivers. The flows among different districts would be well served by the network.
However, the lack of growth space would become the main trouble of restricted districts. Without enough space, the unavoidable growth would eventually result in an overcrowded circumstance. The challenge is how could we reconstruct the existing urban fabrics to meet the needs of new time and generation.
IMAGE SOURCE:WANG Jiwu,(2003)Resarch of Space Exploitation in Mountainous Metropolis: Take Examples of Chongqing and Hongkong, Chongqing Architecture.06(12).P21-23.