Dhaka / Historical Document – Dhaka during the Pakistan and Bangladesh Period

Pakistan period (1947-1971) and the Bangladesh period (from 1971)

The modern Dhaka was mainly developed under the British rule back in the 19th century. In 1905, Dhaka became the capital of the new province of Eastern Bengal and Assam after the Partition of Bengal but lost its status as a provincial capital with the withdrawal of the partition in 1911. After the partition of India in 1947, Dhaka again became the administrative capital of East Pakistan, and later, in 1971, the capital of the independent Bangladesh.

During the intervening period, the city witnessed a lot of chaos and disorders, such as impositions of martial law, the declaration of Bangladesh’s independence, military suppression, damage by wars, and natural calamities.

A large proportion of the city’s Hindu population also departed for India, while Dhaka received hundreds of thousands of Muslim immigrants from the Indian states of West Bengal, Assam and Bihar, as well as workers from rural areas across Bangladesh, leading to a rapid and high growth in population in the post-independence period.

Nowadays Dhaka is the political, cultural and economic center of Bangladesh. Although its urban infrastructure is the most developed throughout the country, Dhaka suffers from urban problems such as pollution and overpopulation. On the other hand, Dhaka is also seeing modernisation of transport, communications and public works. The city is attracting large foreign investments and greater volumes of commerce and trade. It is also experiencing an increasing influx of people from across the nation, and these have made Dhaka the fastest growing city in the world.

References:
Planning and Development of Dhaka – A Story of 400 Years, Ahsanuk Kabiri, Bruno Parolin

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