Tianjin/Maps3-Chronological Maps of Original City Center
Here are the historical maps from 1919 to 1954 to introduce the urban planning history of Tianjin. They cover the period from the establishment of concession to the establishment of The People’s Republic of China.
Since the establishment of concession, western urban planning model had been adopted by Tianjin. Political centers, symmetry context pattern and city walls had been abolished and replaced by road grid with main stem and public facilities. During the World War II, Tianjin became a port city, industrial city and commercial city, which lead to the subdivision of city land. After the end of the war, National Government took over Tianjin and expanded it by annexing suburbs as well as building satellite towns.
Haihe River played a crucial role in all stages of urban planning.
- The concession are located along Haihe River for control of economic artery and main traffic route; the road grid that developed from the concession are geometry related to the orientation and form of Haihe.
- The subdivision of city land was based on the existing road grid. Functions like industry, storage (serving water transportation) and commerce are corresponding to certain river basin.
- The expansion of Tianjin was mostly along the spread of Haihe. Some of the satellite cities are located at the downstream basin of Haihe.