Chongqing/Urban planning map for 1996-2020
Succeeded from the urban planning proposal of 1981-2000, Chongqing reorganized a new round of urban plan in 1997, which followed the multinuclear pattern of the former. The newer plan reorganized the whole city and re-divided the land into twelve clusters. Similarly, the separations between the clusters were mainly based on the natural topography. Each self-sufficient cluster would meet the daily working and living needs of the citizens.
Furthermore, the connections among the clusters were improved by more complex transportation system. Many bridges and tunnels were constructed on the mountainous topography to interact the transform of good and sources between the central core and clusters.
With the urban growth in the past decades, the hierarchy of urban centers was richly developed. Four secondary cores were arranged around the central core to reduce its pressure and partly share its responsibility. Meanwhile, the development of new constructive land was prior to the reconstruction of existing areas.
Unavoidably, there was a growth tendency to expand beyond Zhongluo Mountain and Tongluo Mountain.
Reference: HU Wantai and WANG Liguo, (2011) Urbanization Process and Urban Planning Evolution from 1949 in Chongqing: Discussion on the Image of the City Change. Transform and Reorganization_ Urban Planning Annual Meeting of China in 2011.