Dhaka/ Influence of British Rule in the Modernization of Dhaka – Buckland Flood Protection Embankment
Buckland Flood Protection Embankment, was the first attempt of the British in dealing with the flood that threated Dhaka since the development of the city. It was the decade when the British Crown first took control of Dhaka, proposer of the embankment, Charles Thomas Buckland, was appointed the commissioner of Dhaka during 1864-1869. Nowadays, the area constructed with the embankment is called the Buckland Bund.
The embankment was located along the river Buriganga at the southern front of Dhaka to protect the shore from flooding and erosion, to prevent the formation of great mud flats at low tide, and to facilitate the movement of passenger and cargo at the river ghats.
There was always a tendency of living near the waterfront in Dhaka, as it was one of the most tradition way to communicate with the other parts of the country, acted as ports to trade, and was always the major source of water supply before the construction of railway, piped water supply and electricity were provided in Dhaka. This made the waterfront valuable before 1878’s establishment of electricity supply.
Since the waterfront were only owned by traders and rich people in Dhaka before 1878, it means the Buckland Flood Protection Embankment were only a beautiful name to cover up the underlying benefit of the British Rule towards the rich in Dhaka.