Chongqing(1941)/Building Code Established during the Second World War
In May of 1941, works Bureau of Chongqing established <the building code of Chongqing>. The regulation contains “preface”, “general regulation” “structure regulation”, “special architecture” “area”, “workers” “additional regulation”, 500 items totally.
The code has clear regulation towards the height of architecture, the area of the building, the interval of buildings, the cantilever and the opening of the architecture. These codes directly influenced how the buildings look like.
In the code, it is also states that the ratio of the height of the building to the nearby street should be less than1.5. The highest height of the building near the street should be less than 30m. There’s also specific height regulation on different types of architecture. At the same time, the distance that the architecture can be cantilevered is also regulated. This regulation controlled the facade and elevation of the street.
In Kevin Lynch’s <city’s image>, he set “feeling” as the dimension or scale of the behavior in the city. the “readable” is one of the criteria. As a result, the regulation of the height of the building facing streets and the limitation of the distance of cantilever is the most directly influencing factor.
As the provisional capital, Chongqing has attracted many architects and factories, which makes the architectural market active. the content includes many aspects such as the management of people, the regulation of architectural design, the regulation of technology…These regulations greatly shaped the face of Chongqing and still have influence towards the city until now.