Hiroshima (1950)/ Tange’s Peace Park Project: Extended

Kenzo Tange devised a detailed plan for the Central Park (Chuo Park) just north of the designated area of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park (Figure 1). Although the design competition for the Peace Memorial Park was limited to the 12.21 hectares in the Nakajima district, Kenzo Tange went beyond to devise a detailed plan and design for Chuo Park, just north of the designated area (Figure 1).

Hiroshima City Planning © http://thetemplesofconsumption.blogspot.hk/2012_02_01_archive.html
Figure 1: The designated area for the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park is located at ‘5’ and just north of it is Chuo Park © http://thetemplesofconsumption.blogspot.hk/2012_02_01_archive.html

Within Chuo Park, Tange designed four areas (Figure 2), translated in English as: Peace Hall, Children’s Center, International Recreational Facilities, International Cultural Facilities. Each group consisted of at least four programs, for example the Children’s Library and Children’s Cultural Hall. Certain groups from this plan for Chuo Park were more developed to more detail, for example, Children’s Center (Figure 3).

Tange's Peace Park Project Plan that extends to Chuo Park © Kokusai Kenchiku, April 1950, p.30.
Figure 2: Tange’s Peace Park Project Plan that extends to Chuo Park © Kokusai Kenchiku, April 1950, p.30.
Tange’s layout plan of the Children’s Center © Kokusai Kenchiku, April 1950, p.30.
Tange’s layout plan of the Children’s Center © Kokusai Kenchiku, April 1950, p.30.

Tange ignored the presence of the already existing Children’s Cultural Hall that had been constructed in 1948 and proceeded with his own designs for Chuo Park. Tange developed detailed drawings for the Children’s library for the construction of the library in the exact location of the Children’s Cultural Hall (Figure 4), so was therefore not realised despite the planning and production of construction drawings.

A photograph of the Children’s Cultural Hall © Hiroshima Municipal Archives Bulletin, Vol.11, March 1988, p.85.
Figure 4: A photograph of the Children’s Cultural Hall © Hiroshima Municipal Archives Bulletin, Vol.11, March 1988, p.85.

Reference:

NORIOKI ISHIMARU. DR. (2012). Changes in Planning Zone of Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park Proposed by Kengo Tange and Their Significance. 15th IPHS CONFERENCE.

The Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Law (1949)

The Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Plan (1949)

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