Hiroshima/ A detail look into the planning of Memorial Peace Park

Kenzo Tange’s design of the Memorial Peace Park was what needed for Hiroshima after the war. It was a new solution to the social, economic and political issues that were dealt in Hiroshima. The issues of scale and placement of site was taken into serious consideration when designing the park.

The Memorial Peace museum was placed in the central core where sight lines would meet. If one notice closely at the sight lines, it resembles a peace sign. The centre would be surrounded by buildings that informed the public about the bombing. The centre was raised on a pilotis in tribute to those who fell victim to the tragedy. Through this elevation, the A-bomb Dome can be seen through. The pilotis design was not purely for aesthetic design, but it allowed the ground to run straight without any obstruction.

During the process of design, Tange had some difficulty in connecting the paths from an urban design and planning point of view. He solved the problem by designing the traffic routes first and positioning the buildings in accordance to those routes. He created an axis at right angle with the Peace Park, leading north to the A-bomb Dome. Later, the cenotaph was placed on the central axis and the gate to the park on the south of the axis.

Design of pathway that came first
Figure 1 and 2 shows the creation of pathways, which led to the placement of buildings according to axis which are shown on Figure 3 and 4
Memorial Peace Park Map
Memorial Peace Park Map

Image reference: Miranda, Amalita ; Peace Centre

 

“The Peace Memorial Park was laid out between 1950 and 1964 behind the museum allowing 50 thousand people to gather around the square”. Since 1952, The Memorial Peace Park was the location of  the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Ceremony, held annually on 6 August. Tange’s design of the park was not only a powerful symbol of the atomic bombing that occurred at that site, but it was also a symbol of hope and world peace.

 

Reference:

1. Miranda, Amalita ; Peace Centre

2. Chown, Christopher; The Metabolist Movement and Postwar Japan

3. Tange, Kenzo, and Udo Kultermann. Kenzo Tange, 1946-1969; Archi- tecture and Urban Design. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970.

 

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