Kyoto/ UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Kyoto’s World Heritage Sites were inscripted in 1994 by UNESCO. There are 17 sites in Kyoto that together form the UNESCO World Heritage Listing known as the ” Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities)”
The 17 sites are listed as follows.
Kamigamo-jinja Shrine, Shimogamo-jinja Shrine, To-ji Temple, Kiyomizu-dera Temple, Enryaku-ji Temple, Daigo- ji Temple, Ninna-ji Temple, Byodo-in Temple, Ujigami-jinjia Shrine, Kozan-ji Temple, Koke- dera Temple, Tenryu-ji Temple, Kinkaku-ji Temple, Ginkaku-ji Temple, Ryoan-ji Temple, Hongwan-ji Temple, Nijo-jo Castle
Built in A.D. 794 on the model of the ancient Chinese capital, Kyoto has acted as the cultural centre while serving as the imperial capital until the middle of the 19th century.As the centre of Japanese culture for more than a thousand years, it spans the development of Japanese wooden architecture, particularly religious architecture, and the art of Japanese gardens, which has influenced landscape gardening the world over. Most of the one hundred ninety-eight buildings and twelve gardens that make up the seventeen component parts of the property were built or designed from the 10th to the 17th centuries.
Criterion (ii): Kyoto was the main centre for the evolution of religious and secular architecture and of garden design between the 8th and 17th centuries, and as such it played a decisive role in the creation of Japanese cultural traditions which, in the case of gardens in particular, had a profound effect on the rest of the world from the 19th century onwards.
Criterion (iv): The assemblage of architecture and garden design in the surviving monuments of Kyoto is the highest expression of this aspect of Japanese material culture in the pre-modern period.
All of the seventeen components of the inscribed property are religious establishments except for the castle of Nijo-jo. Together they cover a total of 1,056 hectares and are surrounded by a buffer zone of 3,579 hectares.
UNESCO World Heritage Centre. (2014) Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto ( Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities). [Online] Available from:http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/688/. [Accessed: 26th Dec 2014].