Tokyo | 1960-1990s Development

Historically, Tokyo development in 1960s to 1990s is usually categorized as such (Hiroo 65):

The 1960s – enlargement of the urbanized circle, expansion into the suburbs, and their progressive urbanization

The 1970s – further migration out of the city center into the suburbs, the desertion of the city as a result of the rapid expansion into the suburbs

The 1980s – maturation of an internationalized metropolis, development of the business sector in the heart of the city, and the rise in the cost of land under the international economic boom; and

The 1990s – the mature metropolis, a slowdown of the growth of business sector, demographic changes in the population, and a change in the community by the internationalization of Japan

The formal strategy of radial development from the center has continued since the early 20th century. The concentration of the population has been disbanding more and more into suburban areas from the center of Tokyo. This population distribution means looser, weaker influence of core Tokyo (nearby imperial castles and other commercial districts) and creation of more subcenters such as Shinjuku or Asakusa.

Population distribution by distance bands within the major metropolitan areas.
Population distribution by distance bands within the major metropolitan areas.










This statement may also complement the geometric analysis of Tokyo growth from Tokyo | Bibliography | Ikuo Matsuba and co.

Urban Sprawl 1960 - 1994
Urban Sprawl 1960 – 1994












HEBBERT, H., and NAKAI, N. (1988) How Tokyo Grows: Land Development and Planning on the Metropolitan Fringe. Tokyo: Suntory and Toyota International Centres.

HEIN, C. (2003) Rebuilding Urban Japan After 1945. Palgrave Macmillan: New York.

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