Commuting of Satellite structured master planning of Jakarta
Commuting of satellite cities
The Grater Jakarta Metropolitan Area, Jobodetabek, consist of 3 regencies and 5 cities with a population of 12 million with a physical structure that is mainly dominated by skyscrapers, industrial area and dense settlement. It is a market driven city and that there is a very obvious spatial and social segregation within the city.
The typology depicts a satellite city planning where Jakarta is the mother city of Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi. This typology of planing was intended to reduce the pressure in the inner city. However, without well thought out planning and management, it can recoil in a long term problem within the inner city, such as higher number of commuters that lead to congestion and pollution, urban sprawl and loss of vegetation in periphery.
Central Jakarta (DKI Jakarta)- the administrative and political center of the city.
South Jakarta – main concentration of Jakarta’s large shopping centers and affluent residential areas
East Jakarta – Industrial sector
North Jakarta – Bounded by the Java Sea therefore its a very favorable port location. Large to medium scale industries are concentrated in the north
West Jakarta – Highest concentration of Small scale industries.
Each districts have their own characteristic but settlers are still everywhere around the Greater Jakarta. The Satellite cities contains various industrial scale jobs and travelling even from one end to the other would cause major issue of transport as there are very little public transport. With all the better earning job being in the center, it attracts higher class people to commute towards there and lower class on the satellite cities.
Other suggestions to solve the current congestion methods of satellite city:
- I believe if the government were to try to relief the traffic back into the city, they will have to provide more job opportunities in the peripheral area of the city. Without jobs in the periphery, people have to travel to the central for better income and thus increasing more commuters. However this goes back to the original concept of the satellite city itself. So does that mean that a Satellite city model is not a sensible planning to use for a densely populated city that needs to reorganize the networking road structure?
- As satellite city triggers high commuting that leads to congestion towards the inner city, the government need to bring back the inhabitant to the inner city through vertical settlement. so distance gets shorter and less cars needed to be use.
- The reduction of personal vehicle through integrated railway system. Instead of putting much focus for automobiles, they should focus on public transport that connets the city center to district center and satellite city. If it is managed well, it can significantly reduce the number of cars and solves an addition of environmental problem.