Jakarta / Narrative: The Greater Jakarta Metropolitan Area

 

New city center in Jakarta © 1995, American Planning Association
New city center in Jakarta © 1995, American Planning Association

After gaining independence from the dutch government, Jakarta began to set up new city centre by establishing a new monument that signifies the independence and a focal point of the upcoming urban development of Jakarta.

The metropolitan area © International Urban Development Association
The metropolitan area © International Urban Development Association

The development radiates outward from the city centre and from the maps shown, one can realise that the development is more east-west oriented since there is a huge water reservoir lying at the south of Jakarta which is an important source of water supply to the area.

 

However, the development has faced a critical problem as it has expanded far beyond the city of Jakarta itself. In fact, the development is under the Greater Jakarta Metropolitan Area comprising three regencies and five cities. Thus, territorial difference is then an issue since the pace of development of different regions is not the same. In order to bridge the gap, extensive infrastructure projects are set up alongside and the rural areas are forced to be evicted to give way to the so-called urban planning. People lost their homes and jobs in the farmland and eventually live in the squatter areas that are not yet interrupted.

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