Mumbai Bibliography 2 Essay written by Rahul Mehrotra

Professor Of Urban Design And Planning And Chair Of The Department Of Urban Planning And Design At The Harvard Graduate, and School Of Design (Gsd) In Cambridge, Ma, Usa. Mumbai: Planning Challenges for the Compact City (n.d.): n. pag. Web.

My second piece of main research is the article essay written by famous architect Rahul Mehrotra.

Rahul Mehrotra (b.1959) is an architect, urbanist and educator who is the Founder Principal of RMA Architects and is Professor of Urban Design and Planning and Chair of the Department of Urban Planning and Design at Harvard University’s Graduate School of Design. Mehrotra has designed projects that range from recycling urban land and master planning in Mumbai to the design of art spaces, boutiques, weekend houses, factories, social institutes and office buildings across India – thereby engaging diverse issues, multiple constituencies and varying scales: from interior design and architecture to urban design, conservation and planning.

Mehrotra has written and lectured extensively on issues to do with architecture, conservation and urban planning in Mumbai and India. His writings include coauthoring Bombay—The Cities Within, which covers the city’s urban history from the 1600s to the present; Conserving an Image Center—The Fort Precinct in Bombay, which was a seminal study, and based on this study and its recommendations the historic Fort area in Mumbai was declared a conservation precinct in 1995—the first such designation in India. In 2000, he edited a book for the UIA that earmarks the end of the century and is titled The Architecture of the 20th Century in the South Asian Region. Mehrotra has also edited the first of the three books that document the 2004 Michigan Debates on Urbanism, and in 2011 wrote Architecture in India – Since 1990, which is a reading of contemporary Indian architecture.

In his article he has clearly put Mumbai in a new light for me ; not slums, but an informal city. Not a messy mix of the poor and the rich, but a hybrid kinetic city which generates two different forms of energy. His analysis opens up my mind to see Mumbai in a different way. More particularly, it builds a case to argue that the compact city in the case of Mumbai goes beyond its formal or informal manifestations and can be understood as a hybrid condition: the Kinetic City. A condition which transgresses economic exchange as the sole criteria for discussing if a city and its urban form are sustainable. The paper suggests equity, density and democracy could be simultaneously considered – if a city like Mumbai, has to be imagined as a sustainable entity.