Infrastructure for housing after Doi Moi occur

As mentioned in the post ”A closer look to new boomed housing in Hanoi ” there is a huge demand on transportation in the mid town of Hanoi. In order to satisfy the flow of people from boundary of Hanoi to the center , expansion on transportation system is necessary. In the midst of development, the many historical neighborhood in the mid town is at risk of disappear. This post make a brief observation on the conflicts between development and heritage conservation.

The current road space area in Hanoi is small. In many neighborhoods, road space represents no more than about 20% of total built-up area; given the average built up density of Hanoi, this translate into a road area of 11m2 per person. Cars use an incompressible amount of road space for both on road parking and circulation. The percentage of land devoted to road space in the existing built- up area is practically fixed, and it is difficult to increase it on a large scale to accommodate even a moderate increase in car traffic without major demolition and relocation, both costly.


map of Hanoi built up density, the urban development is clearly centralized that the newly formed satellite city were not relocating the city center

In the mid town of Hanoi, Hoan Kiem lake and the surrounding area have become a major tourist attraction. People from all over the world come to visit and are captivated by the hive of activity along the narrow streets of Ma May, Luong Ngoc Quyen, Hang Bac and Ta Hien in the Labyrinthine Old Quarter where fruit sellers, street vendors, tour operators, restaurants, Bia Hoi’s and markets are all familiar sights. Like other streets, they play a small role in making the Old Quarter an excellent display of traditional Vietnamese living city. To ease traffic congestion in Hanoi would  start demolishing some of these historic homes and businesses in order to widen the roads.

In fact, a lot of flyover roads have appeared among the city, which were criticized not only stressing the density of the living place but also destroying the scenery of the ancient neighborhood.


Traffic in Hoan Kiem lake area

fly over

Flyover roads built in Hanoi


Hanoi’s infrastructure construction in a dilemma , Cormac Dawson. 2010 Voice of Vietnam
Hanoi urban structure: Spatial Development Issues and Potential, 2011, Alain bertaud

2 Comments on “Infrastructure for housing after Doi Moi occur

  1. This post talked about the conflict between urban development and historical neighbourhood, because to satisfy the increasing need of vehicular transportation systemI means destruction of such heritage. I think it will be interesting to see how the existing transportation network has already invaded or touched the boundaries of the neighbourhood in a map.

    • Agree agree agree. It is really sad when the scenery of traditional city is destroyed by some new infrastructure. However, new infrastructure is essential for a future urban development. If the damage caused by the existing transportation network is examined and the benefits brought by it is studied as well, actually a different conclusion may be reached. It may not be that sad to see the scenery destroyed as people may benefit a lot from it. Moreover, the new scenery will become traditional scenery after a long long time like after decades of time.

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