Geddes’ Utopia of Tel Aviv

In 1925, Sir Patrick Geddes was appointed to construct the master plan for Tel Aviv(Fig-01.) to cope with the recent and also future population growth and development of the town. Being a sociologist and biologist, Geddes treated the task as an interdisciplinary one, incorporating knowledge ranging from the operations and functions of human body, to the psychological nature of the human societal lifestyle. Inspired also by the Garden City Movement by Ebeneezer Howard(Fig-02.), his visions of Tel Aviv as a modern city were actualized according to the following major ideologies:

– Sense of community and civic life

– Health, happiness and comfort of residents

– Minimizing automobiles on pedestrian-scale

These showed the way Geddes approached the above large-scale urban realization based on the living environment and quality of life, implementing the self-altered version of the town-country ideology from Garden City.

The ideologies also necessitated Geddes’ design of a cohesive urban fabric, similar to that of Garden City, with structured hierarchy of networks between different interactive components and cores. A blood circulatory system(Fig-03.) as expressed in biology term. This urban setting in turn not only enhanced the associations and relationships between the components in the built environment, but also the intimacy of the civic community in the era of population explosion.


Geddes Plan for Tel Aviv 1925
Fig-01. Geddes Plan for Tel Aviv 1925 ©die weiße stadt,. 2011
Fig-02 Garden City Plan by Ebeneezer Howard
Fig-02 Garden City Plan by Ebeneezer Howard ©die weiße stadt,. 2011
Fig-03. Human blood circulatory system
Fig-03. Human blood circulatory system ©die weiße stadt,. 2011



  1. Weill-Rochant, Catherine. 2003. ‘Myths And Buildings Of Tel Aviv’. Bulletin Du Centre De Recherche Français À Jérusalem, no. 12: 152-163.
  2. die weiße stadt,. 2011. ‘Die Städtebauliche Entwicklung Von Tel Aviv’.

1 Comment on “Geddes’ Utopia of Tel Aviv

  1. What were the measurements or facilities done to enhance the health and happiness of the residents? Why does he mean by health and happiness in this context? What were the similarities and differences between the Tel Aviv and the Garden City? Are there aspects that the Tel Aviv achieved and but not the Garden City? If yes, what are those aspects? Are the two (Tel Aviv and Garden City) a product of one or is one a product from the other?

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