Geddes’ Utopia of Tel Aviv
In 1925, Sir Patrick Geddes was appointed to construct the master plan for Tel Aviv(Fig-01.) to cope with the recent and also future population growth and development of the town. Being a sociologist and biologist, Geddes treated the task as an interdisciplinary one, incorporating knowledge ranging from the operations and functions of human body, to the psychological nature of the human societal lifestyle. Inspired also by the Garden City Movement by Ebeneezer Howard(Fig-02.), his visions of Tel Aviv as a modern city were actualized according to the following major ideologies:
– Sense of community and civic life
– Health, happiness and comfort of residents
– Minimizing automobiles on pedestrian-scale
These showed the way Geddes approached the above large-scale urban realization based on the living environment and quality of life, implementing the self-altered version of the town-country ideology from Garden City.
The ideologies also necessitated Geddes’ design of a cohesive urban fabric, similar to that of Garden City, with structured hierarchy of networks between different interactive components and cores. A blood circulatory system(Fig-03.) as expressed in biology term. This urban setting in turn not only enhanced the associations and relationships between the components in the built environment, but also the intimacy of the civic community in the era of population explosion.
- Weill-Rochant, Catherine. 2003. ‘Myths And Buildings Of Tel Aviv’. Bulletin Du Centre De Recherche Français À Jérusalem, no. 12: 152-163. http://bcrfj.revues.org/672.
- die weiße stadt,. 2011. ‘Die Städtebauliche Entwicklung Von Tel Aviv’. https://dieweissestadt.wordpress.com/die-stadtebauliche-entwicklung-von-tel-aviv/.