Ahmedabad(1411-1800) / The Growth of Ahmedabad Before The Construction of Railway
The Growth of the City after Establishment
The city of Ahmedabad was established in A.D. 1411 by the Sultan Ahmad Shah, as a new royal residential settlement. As a royal capital, The city extends with the royal palace as its nucleus. As first laid out, Ahmadabad has extended up to the Jami’ Masjid (a mosque built by Ahmad Shah in 1424) and present day Ratan Pol to the northeast. The Sultan has built several market zones around the Jami’ Masjid and the royal enclosures. Later, numerous amirs settled in the neighbourhood. Beyond the confines of the city, they developed their own suburban settlements, which were called Puras. Thus, the city of Ahmedabad had expanded. These Puras built around the royal centre had the urban character of satellite cities. They grew, decayed and regenerated independently.
From Fifteenth Century to Sixteenth Century
In the middle of the fifteenth century, it was believed that Ahmedabad had absorbed the old parts of Ashaval on the east and south, and had expanded towards the north. By the mid 1520s, a dense population had occupied the area within the semi-circle area around the royal centre. Due to political instability, the city had stopped growing during the period about 1535.
The fortification walls were built possibly in 1582 after the attack on the city by Akbar’s armies. Although there are several interpretations of the construction of the walls, it is clear that the outline of the fort wall was constructed only after the reconquest of Akbar’s armies. The wall firmly limited the periphery of the main city, and the urban pattern of Ahmedabad was firmly established afterwards. As a result of the fortification, the road system has developed rapidly, and the different Puras and internal urban areas continued to develop independently.
From Seventeenth Century to Eighteenth Century
In seventeenth century, due to relative political stability, the city had prosperity growth. However, in the eighteenth century, there was a decline in the local authority. Many suburbs and inner parts of the city were abandoned and ruined, and the city did not further expand.
It can be seen That the growth of Ahmedabad before the construction of railway is mainly base on royal expansion, conquer and the establishment of Puras by amirs.
G. Michell, S. Shah Ed. (2003) Ahmadabad. Mumbai: Marg Publications.