Water in Phnom Penh – the lack of public parks and formal wastewater treatment
Public Parks + Open Space
Another significant reasons contribute to the severe situation of flooding is because the lack of public parks and open space. Since there is no open space or park space, therefore, there is no way to absorb rainy season waters. The inner districts are only a series of formal parks which are home to decorative and formally planted, rather than usable water features.
1)Phnom Penh 4 inner khans. Public Parks and green space shown in green 2)Parks in Phnom Penh
There is no proper or formal wastewater treatment in the city. Instead, sewage and other wastewaters from households, businesses and industries combine in a series of covered and open canals that flow through the city and combine with seasonal rainwater and floods. (van der Hoek, 2005)
Boeung Cheung Ek (BCE) Lake is the largest of these water bodies, 5 kilometers south of the city center. The lake not only receives more than two-third of the wastewater from the city along with untreated effluent from 3,000 small and large scale industrial enterprises, but also provides water for vegetation within the city. Therefore these wastewater fed aquatic vegetables are, despite their potential health risks, very important in supplying the city’s vegetable markets and thus meeting the demands of the growing population of Phnom Penh. However, as these lakes are infilled, not only the city’s wastewater is discharged more rapidly into the Mekong without treatment, but also the needs for a more organized system grows.
3) The Street 105 sewage canal approaches overflow during a heavy rain mixing sewage, gray water, and trash
4) Vegetables are cultivated on the wetlands in the south of Phnom Penh.
- Sahmakum Teang Tnaut – Samakum Teang Tnaut . a Cambodia Urban NGO. (n.d.). Retrieved December 7, 2015, from http://teangtnaut.org/?lang=en
Flooding in Phnom Penh City – Sahmakum Teang Tnaut. (2014, October 3). Retrieved December 7, 2015, from http://teangtnaut.org/flooding-phnom-penh-city-2/?lang=en
City of Water. (n.d.). Retrieved December 7, 2015, from https://cityofwater.wordpress.com/