New approach of development: Street pattern implementation in Mumbai

For redeveloping the land, rearranging of the land is crucial since an updated land use distribution has to be implemented. In the case of Mumbai in 1900s, the Bombay Improvement Trust requisitioned the land of the locals and implanted a new street pattern which was a regular, well-organized grid. Though the redefinition of the land ownership, a reformation of the street could be carried out.

Dadar-Matunga, Scheme 5 and 6 were the most elaborated scheme in terms of effort being put on imposing a street pattern on a large area of land. The Trust started a new approach which was laying out the entire neighbourhood street pattern in advance of settlement. The priority had been changed that straight roads and streets as connections became crucial since traffic inside the town as well as between different towns were gaining importance at that time. By implementing an entire steer pattern, edges and setback of buildings were defined and the government could have better control of the property as well. Moreover, ventilation and lighting could be added into the consideration and concerns during the planning and protect a better living environment comparing to random clusters of buildings.

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The Dadar-Matunga suburban schemes are in the extreme north of the island  © BIT, Annual Administration Report, 1920-1921. Mabarasbtra State Archives.
Gamdevi Estate, the first substantial city-extension scheme, in which an entire neighborhood street pattern was laid out before settlement. BIT, Annual Administarion Report, 1915-16. Maharashtra State Archiives
Gamdevi Estate, the first substantial city-extension scheme, in which an entire neighborhood street pattern was laid out before settlement.
© BIT, Annual Administarion Report, 1915-16. Maharashtra State Archiives
Detail of southwest portion of Scheme 5. BIT, Annual Administration Report, 1916-17. Maharashtra State Archives
Detail of southwest portion of Scheme 5.
© BIT, Annual Administration Report, 1916-17. Maharashtra State Archives
Dadar-Matunga Scheme had impose a large street pattern on a large area of land. Design Cell, Kamla Raheja Vidyanidhi Institue for Architecture and Environmental Studies.
Dadar-Matunga Scheme had impose a large street pattern on a large area of land.
© Design Cell, Kamla Raheja Vidyanidhi Institue for Architecture and Environmental Studies.
The northern part of Bombay in 1933, which showed the extensive street pattern in Dadar-Matunga. Bombay Guide Map. Regenstrein Library, University of Chicago.
The northern part of Bombay in 1933, which showed the extensive street pattern in Dadar-Matunga.
© Bombay Guide Map. Regenstrein Library, University of Chicago.

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