5 Jerusalem/ Evolution of Proposed Redevelopment Plans (Part II)

The plan by Clifford Holliday, the successor of Charles Ashbee as Civic Advisor continues on his work, further expanding the city into more diverse and complex zones. His plan expands Ashbee’s four zones of “special control”, parks and open space, industrial, and business and residential into 14 zones that include major public and private open spaces (in green), cemeteries, commercial zones (in light blue) and archaeological zones (thick dots) scattered within the old and new city.

Halliday’s Jerusalem Zoning Plan @1930, Clifford Holliday

Henry Kendall was the last urban planner to propose a new zoning plan in British Mandate Jerusalem. The plan is the most urbane of the plans proposed thus far, where every street is detailed, connecting important landmarks and functional zones. The separation of zones is further refined in Kendall’s plan, notably in the demarcation of six different residential zones according to its proximity to the old city, and the “overcrowded and congested” zones found mainly within residential zones.

Kendall’s Jerusalem Zoning Plan @1944, Henry Kendall

The major differences between Holliday and Kendall’s plan and previous plans by Mclean, Geddes and Ashbee are the diminishing of the greenbelt around the old city. It is possible that with due modernization the reality was a less romantic depiction and framing of the Old City, and the green belt would serve merely to protect the city walls than to create a “Sacred Park” for enjoyment. In the succession of plans one could see the move from a wholly secluded and sanctified “Holy City” to one that was more integrated and accessible to the public.

Pullan, W et al. (2013) The Struggle for Jerusalem’s Holy Places. 1st Ed. Routledge.

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