Brief Summary of the Transportation Demand Management Policy 2007
The Kyoto city’s grid was set out way back before automobile was invented, therefore street scale was designed specifically for human and horses to pass by. In the 20th century, Kyoto has become a popular city for tourism and narrow streets can no longer accommodate large amount of population and vehicles. Traffic congestion has caused troubles not only for tourists, but most importantly the locals. Tourist spots suffered the most in traffic problem and air pollution from vehicles. In result, the government released the TDM Policy in April 23, 2007 (same year as the Landscaping Policy), to better the transportation in Kyoto.
The “Human-friendly” transportation-oriented city development plan has these 4 major points:
1.City enjoyed by walking
3.City filled with the appeal and vitality
4.City where can moves comfortably for visiting people
Before the traffic program was implemented, streets especially the historical city center have been occupied by automobiles and shuttle buses. The solution is to make priority spaces for pedestrians and public transportation. First, it is by abandoning on-street parking and illegally-parked bicycles, pedestrian streets are widened to promote the idea of a walkable city. Secondly, light rail transit (LRT) is introduced as it is the most human, finance and environmental-friendly transportation. Thirdly, by deconcentration at popular sites, multiple off-site areas are set up to be parking lots exclusively for shuttle buses. Shuttle bus services are also set up to reduced vehicles on street. These transportation would stop at a walkable distance from the tourist spots so that congestions would not happen at the entrance. Also, in such visitors can experience more of the city while walking along the streets, seeing the machiya houses and life of the locals.
Source: 23, 2007 April. TDM Policy of Kyoto City. N.d. Raw data. Kyoto, n.p. https://www.env.go.jp/air/traffic_env/2007mayor/en/pdf/day01/23_1135_1b_kyoto.pdf