HONG KONG (1920 – 2015) / TRANSFORMATION OF PUBLIC BATHROOMS
Public bathroom in Mount St.Davis taken in 2015 © Chan Yan Yu Sussan
The second type of public bathrooms.
1920 – 1940 : Public bathrooms were minimal. However, compared to the first type, instead of a bucket, a trough was built. Adequate water was stored nearby for the flushing of the cubicles from time to time. 1
1940 – 1990: Flush toilets were introduced into the public bathrooms gradually in cohesion with the squatting toilets as a norm. Small white tiles were applied in the interior of these public bathrooms.
1990 – 2015: Toilet bowls gradually replace the squatting typology. More focus was put to enhance the public toilet experience into a pleasant one. Therefore materials like glass, concrete and plants can be seen in the newest types.
Underground Public Bathrooms: There were only six of them mainly built between 1900 – 1914. It was believed that they were built underground due to the land scarcity in the Island.
1 “The occupier of any premises upon which any water closet or urinal has been or hereafter shall be constructed, or if there be no occupier the owner of immediate landlord, shall provide a constant and adequate supply of water, stored in accordance with the Drainage. Regulation from time to time in for, for the flushing of every such water closet and urinal and shall maintain every such water closer and urinal in a thoroughly efficient and cleanly condition”
W. Bowen-Rowlands, (1912). By – laws made under Section 16 of the Public Health and the Building Ordinances, 1903 – 1909. Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Government Gazette. The Government of Hong Kong, p.567.
2 C. Dewolfe, (2012). How the public toilet changed Hong Kong. The China Daily. [online] Available at: http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/hkedition/2012-08/30/content_15718311.htm [Accessed 19 Dec. 2015].