Bangkok(1890-1910)/ From sacred city to National capital
Fig.1 Evers, H. & Korff, R. (2000). Southeast Asian Urbanism : the Meaning and Power of Social Space, New York : St. Martin’s Press.
Southeast Asian Urbanism is based on the results of over two decades of field research on cities and towns of Thailand, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Singapore. The connections between micro and macro processes, between grass root interactions and urban structures, between social theory and empirical data are analyzed to provide a vivid picture of the great variety of urban forms, the social creativity in the slums of Bangkok, Manila or Jakarta, the variety of cultural symbolism and the political and religious construction of urban space. This book provide a general image of Bangkok about how it transformed from a sacred city to national capital. Take Bangkok as a specific example among the Southeast Asia countries. Although Bangkok looks quite similar to the British colonial cities and European cities, the renovation and modernization of the city planning is a top-down central city planning with European designs driven by the King Chulalongkorn and his successor, instead of a passive process resulted from the British government. The book carefully describe the formation of different centers and different structures (including the Radamoen Road administration center and Siam square commercial center) upon the old Buddhist cosmological planning of the Bangkok. And take the rise of new centers like Korat as an example to show the symbiosis between the tradition and modernity of Bangkok.
Evers, H. & Korff, R. (2000). Southeast Asian Urbanism : the Meaning and Power of Social Space, New York : St. Martin’s Press.
Moore, E.H. and Osiri, N. (2014), ‘Urban Forms and Civic Space in Nineteenth- to Early TwentiethCentury Bangkok and Rangoon’, Journal of Urban History, Vol.40, No.1, pp. 157-177