Hanoi/English references on KTT housing studies

The resources on the transformation of KTT housisng in English are very limited. These two Enligh articles, one in a book and the other collected in a conference, provide main second-hand information and first-hand interviews of two different KTT housing projects. From their own reference lists, there are many academic resources on this topic in Vietnamese so actually they also work as a middle media for us to learn the Vietnamese native studies. The drawing styles of the two are very similar in a simple and professional graphic representation to clearly show the transformation.

1.Emmanuel Cerise and Kelly Shannon (2010). Informalization of Formal Housing / Formalization of Informal Housing. In Human Settlements: Formulations and [re]Calibrations (d’Auria, V., Ed., De Meulder, B., Ed., Shannon, S., Ed.). Amsterdam: SUN Academia. p.66-71.

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This one mainly talks about KTT Trung Tu’s informal transformation and its large mapping of all the KTT projects based on original official map is very important.

2. Dinh Quoc Phuong (2011). The Impact of ‘Informal’ Building Additions on Interior/Exterior Space in Hanoi’s Old Apartment Blocks (KTT). In Architecture in the Fourth Dimension, Nov. 15 – 17, 2011. Boston


This one uses KTT Nguyen Cong Tru as the main example and there are many first-hand interviews with local residents and local officials, which provide new information and a different perspective to look at the transformation in a micro-scale.

Architecture in the Fourth Dimension: Methods and Practices for a Sustainable Building Stock was an international conference held at the Seaport World Trade Center in Boston, Massachusetts from Nov. 15 through Nov. 17, 2011.

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