Existing condition of KTT in the late 1990s
The drawings show the existing condition of KKT area in the late 1990s. Since 1980s, KKT had gone through extreme physical transformation done by the inhabitants. Ground floor apartments were extended towards the street to incorporate small business. On the upper floors, suspended balconies were built to extend the living area. The vacant space between housing blocks were also filled with self-built houses, which was called xay chen, or “squeezed-in construction”.
Thanh Xuan Bac
Source: People’s Committee of Hanoi, Bao cao Ket qua Ban nha theo Nghi Dinh 61 CP (Report on the sale of state owned housing following the Decree 61/CP), Hanoi, Department of Land and Housing Management, working report, unpublished, 1999, (cited in Hoai and Dalholm, 2005).
Nguyen Cong Tru area and Quynh Mai area are two of the oldest existing KKT area. Nguyen Cong Tru was built from 1961 to 1963. Quynh Mai has blocks from both the 1960s and 1970s. Services such as department stores and kindergartens were also built in these areas to create a ‘microrayon’. Trung Tu, Nghia Tan, Thanh Xuan Bac, and Giang Vo area were built during mid-1970s to mid-1980s. Each area was designed to be self-contained, with a central elementary and secondary school, surrounded by groups of apartment buildings.
Kim Lien was built before and during the war, in two phases 1960-65 and 1965-70.
Source: Katherine V. Gough and Hoai Anh Tran, Changing housing policy in Vietnam: Emerging inequalities in a residential area of Hanoi, in Cities, London: Butterworth Scientific, Journals Division, 2009.
Quynh Ma was built during the 1960s and 1970s. In the research, some residents were interviewed and the existing condition of their apartments were documented through plan.
Geertman, S. J. L. The self-organizing city in Vietnam: processes of change and transformation in housing in Hanoi. Eindhoven: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven 10.6100/IR627198, 2007.
Hoai Anh Tran and Dalholm, Elisabeth. Favoured Owners, Neglected Tenants: Privatisation of State Owned Housing. In Hanoi, Housing Studies, 20:6, 897-929, 2005.
Katherine V. Gough and Hoai Anh Tran, Changing housing policy in Vietnam: Emerging inequalities in a residential area of Hanoi. In Cities, London: Butterworth Scientific, Journals Division, 2009.