Transformation of Kyoto (looking at Sanjo-dori street in details specifically) Part 2
In the Meiji period, the Emperor transferred the capital to Tokyo, vitality in Kyoto has been declined. Therefore, since Taisho ear, another large scale urban planning project was deployed. Water business, water supply, street expansion, city rail construction were proposed and constructed within this period of time. From this, the modern Kyoto was developed as the strategic city. Inherited from early modern period, the community social system (Chogumi) had developed into Banhumi (School district in later times) as the basic unit of the local town development such as the setting up of primary school. It was the era of coexisting tradition and innovation, which promoted the cooperation of industry, government and academia parties.
Sanjo-dori Street in Modern Period
In 1885, “Dorogenpyo” (road zero milestone) was situated at Sanjo-dori, meaning this street was still the major street in Kyoto. Also, since the setting up of Bank of Japan Kyoto Branch, more and more financial insitutions and media-related companies were integrated, making the Sanjo-dori a commercial and business street. There was a lot of architecture built using most advanced technologies at the time. However, due to the use of bricks and concrete as building materials, the width of roads was hard to expand. Therefore, this explains the expansion of the northern road and the construction of tramways were not taken place in the Sanjo-dori.
Sanjo-dori Street in Nowadays
In 1985, according to the designation of historical landscape neighborhood district, Sanjo-dori has been valued it changes in the urban form historically, and has been considered to be inheriting a number of modern architecture. The street is being introduced about its historical remains, fusing of old and new, the charm of human scale sense of space along the unique streets.
Sanjo-dori is doubtlessly not only a commercial and industrial district, but even plays an significant role in the cultural aspect.
Reference: 京の三条まちづくり協議会, http://www.sanjyo-kyo.jp/sanjyostreet.html