In 1960s, Kolkata’s situation was mostly chaotic out of many reasons in the contemporary background. Firstly, a violent Communist movement–which was called the Naxalites Marxist-Maoist Movement—resulted into a large scale deterioration of infrastructural facilities in Kolkata. Secondly, the Civil War …

The Development of the Central Kolkata Area between 1960s and 1980s Read more »

Private developers in Hong Kong have started to adapt the housing type of podiums and towers connected by elevated walkway system since 1960s. On one hand, the elevated walkway system provides private owned public space in response to the land …

Further Evolution of Elevated Walkway System by Private Developers — Hollywood Terrace (1990s) Read more »

With the rapid growth of economy and increasing demand of private housing, developers started to build large scale private estate in Hong Kong. Mei Foo Sun Chuen was built during 1960s and 1970s in Lai Chi Kok Bay and it …

The Adaption of Elevated Pedestrian System by Private Developers in 1960s: Case Study of Mei Foo Sun Chuen Read more »

“The employment of an Indian style of architecture at New Delhi was strongly favoured by the Public Works Department of India. An oriental style was also advocated by the Viceroy as being appropriate politically, especially as it was the preference of …

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The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State Juergensmeyer, Mark University of California Press. 2016:115-123 The article discusses the relationship between Buddhism and Mongolia. It traces the downfall of Buddhism and related architecture and temple since the early …

The New Cold War? Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State Read more »

Munkhnaran, Bazarkhand, Chinbat, Gantulga National University of Mongolia, School of Arts and Sciences, Department of Geography International Journal of Science and Research The journal explores the relationship between green belts and urbanization in Ulaanbaatar. Inspired by Ebenezer Howards’s Garden City, …

Green Belt Zoning for Ulaanbaatar City Read more »

To continue with the previous blogpost, the Kyoto government had adopted a second phase of amendment for its townscape policies, which concerned restrictions on both the natural environment and urban core. Phase 2: Societal consensus on the importance of townscape …

Government Response on Kyoto Tower Controversy / Changes in Townscape Policy (Part 2) Read more »

Kyoto is generally considered as a scenic city. Not only are there more historic buildings to be appreciated than in any other Japanese city, the mountainous terrains surrounding the city and the river spaces streaming across it provide unforgettable sceneries. …

Government Response on Kyoto Tower Controversy / Changes in Townscape Policy ( Part 1) Read more »