Housing and environmental problems in Amman are relevant, due to the size of the demand and the fluctuations linked to middle East wars, and its consequent waves of refugees. However, policies adopted up to now, and the relatively good economy of the country, have so far avoided the negative peaks that can be found in other developing countries.

Analyses of housing and planning policies undertaken by this study have pointed out a number of problems that could get worse in the future: poor co-ordination among the actors, uneven distribution of social benefits, inadequate planning legislation.

Jordan was probably one of the first governments to successfully adopt upgrading policies for informal settlements: this study examines three examples, pointing out the main achievements and constraints. Finally, on the basis of the analysis and of extended discussions with local agents, a proposal of action is advanced. The objective of this proposal is to increase local capacity and policy effectiveness in the district of Hai Abu Alia, where an informal settlement is now developing. The project calls for the establishment of a neighbourhood laboratory and a local housing association, as instruments for better co-ordination among the actors and greater involvement of the local community.

Architecture

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