Bangkok (1999-2009)/Bangkok and BTS skytrain: Route Selection & Surrounding environment analysis
The problem of traffic congestion is quite serious in Bangkok, not only particular area. It is because not only lacking any effective model to control city planning, Bangkok’s urban development is market-driven integrating both commercial and residential land use in the center of city. Moreover, the existing public transportation was insufficient and ineffective, there was a large number of cars, not only workers, but also residents, coming to the city center daily causing the serious traffic congestion problem. Hence the Thai government planned to build the mass transit transport at center of Bangkok to ease the traffic problem.
Route Section of BTS and MRT
According to Fig.1, the green lines mean two routes of BTS, yellow line is bus line and other lines are underground MRT or airport express. It can be found out that the BTS line is not only mainly located in the centre of Bangkok, but also connecting between the old town, chao phraya river and new central of Bangkok, like Sukhumvit. Skytrain mainly runs at the downtown of Bangkok, whereas underground is most likely to connect between downtown to suburb area such as airport. Over past years both systems have eased the problem of traffic congestion especially downtown area and reduced the environment health cost, just like air pollution. (Minkatsu, 2006)
Traffic Demand for selected route
Basically, BTS Skytrain operates in 2 lines with a total of 34 stations. They are The Sukhumvit Line and The Silom Line. Both lines are covering two most congested roadways in Bangkok, Silom and Sukhumvit Roads, where are major areas of Bangkok. Both of roads located most of combination of commercial hubs and residential areas and the the areas are the highest density city in Bangkok. (Minkatsu, 2006)
The Sukhumvit area of Bangkok serves as the main commercial street and is accessible via both the BTS and MRT. From the Fig.2, it can be seen that the pattern of circulation with only limited options for cross-town travel and the limited road width are incapable of handling travel demands . So that’s the reason of traffic congestion and BTS skytrain necessary. (Peson Sirikolkarn,2008)
The Fig.3 is one of BTS stations map along to Silom Road. From the picture, it can be found out that commercial and residential hybrid. Most of banks and commercial buildings are located surrounding the station, whereas hotels and residential towers are located another street next to the station. This reveals that the traffic demand of workers and residents along this lines. In conclusion the skytrain routes mainly run along the heart of Bangkok for workers and residents at the heart of Bangkok. Conversely, it also reveals the failure of urban planning, the city is over-centralized on commercial hubs and residential areas, which this is the core obstacle of traffic congestion in too high density of commercial and residential area.
Bangkok Mass Transit System Public Company Limited. “Structure of Routes and Stations. Routes”. last modified 2011. accessed December 8,2016. http://www.bts.co.th/corporate/en/02-structure01.aspx
Minkatsu. “Project Formulation Study on Medium Transit System for Bangkok Metropolitan Area and Surrounding Areas ” (Study Report. Engineering and Consulting Firms Association, Japan. Feb,2006)
Peson Sirikolkarn. “The Effect of Mass Transit Systems on Price of Condominium in Bangkok” (Undergraduate Honor Thesis. University of California Berkeley. Apr,2008)