Shanghai (1927-1937) / The instant influence of the Greater Shanghai Plan on Wujiaochang

One of the great change was road and street. Before the Greater Shanghai Plan, the roads in the Chinese downtown were severely narrow. The new road plan radiated from the central government buildings. The roads were clearly divided as main streets wider than 25m, branch streets which were less wider than 25m and country road. The axis of the road network was a cross. The whole network was neat and orderly. There was a integrate programming of the road names. The east and west main streets were named after three ‘min’ (people) and five ‘quan’ (power). The north and south main streets were named after the world and great harmony. These names reflected the Three People’s Principles (Nationalism, Democracy, the People’s Livelihood), the Five Power Separation and the World Commonwealth of Sun Yat-sen. The four mains roads divided the area into four parts. And the longitudinal roads of each part were named after the four Chinese letter of Republic of China, and the lateral roads of each part were named after the four Chinese letter of Shanghai municipal. More than 130 road names were programmed at that time and nearly 40 roads were newly constructed by 1932.

Besides the roads, a number of buildings were constructed. The old Shanghai government municipal building was started in 1930. Because of the Incident of January there was a lockout of five months. It was completed in 1933. The Shanghai City Library was started building in 1934 and finished in 1935. The Shanghai City Museum was also started in 1934 and finished in1935. It was destroyed by the bombing of Japanese troops. The Aircraft Building was built in 1935. But it was abandoned after the war. The Shanghai City Stadium was steel preserved to the present which was renamed as Jiangwan Stadium.

There was a great number of program planning of waterway and railway in the Greater Shanghai Plan. But these plans were basically unable to realize.

The Longhua Civil Airport and Hongqiao Military Airport were enlarged. But as the fact that the Shanghai City need to cover the investment, the Shanghai government was not active in the plan. The enlargement was actually implemented under compulsion of the central government.

Other changes were the public parks and ground. In July 1930 Shenyi suggested setting up park in the city center with playground in addition to the government. In 1932 it was built and named the No.1 Shanghai City Park. The total area of it was 340 mu, which was more than 260,000 sq.m, much more larger than other parks in the concessions. Besides the park, public open spaces and squares were also set up in the administration area.

And in general, the public utilities and sanitary facilities of the Chinese downtown were greatly improved. With the management of hydroelectric board, the water and electicity supply was improved.

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Bibliography

Wei Shu 魏枢, <The Greater Shanghai Plan> Qi Shi Lu—Jin Dai Shanghai Hua Jie Du Shi Zhong Xin Kong Jian Xing Tai De Liu Bian《大上海计划》启示录——近代上海华界都市中心空间形态的流变, (Southeast University Press 东南大学出版社, 1995

An Keqiang 安克强,1927-1937 Shanghai Shi Zheng Quan Di Fang Xin He Xian Dai Hua 1927年-1937年的上海-市政权、地方性和现代化,2004

Shanghai Shi Shi Zhong Xin Qu Yu Jian She Wei Yuan Hui 上海市市中心区域建设委员会, Shang Hai Shi Shi Zhong Xin Qu Yu Jian She Wei Yuan Hui Ye Wu Bao Gao Di Er Qi 上海市市中心区域建设委员会业务报告第二期, 1933

3 Comments on “Shanghai (1927-1937) / The instant influence of the Greater Shanghai Plan on Wujiaochang

  1. Other than the physical heritage that remained, did the plan influence Chinese architects in other ways? Did the problems the architects faced during the implementation of this plan feed into future planning of Shanghai (or of other cities)? Or was it not able to make an impact because of the change in political regimes in its near future?

  2. Your narrative explains that although the Greater Shanghai Plan failed to be fully realized, its influence involves many aspects and did improve many parts of the city planning,especially many public services are improved,including public transportation and institutional buildings. One confusion for me is why the title is the influence of Wujiaochang, and what exactly is its impact on various parts of the city, like Hongqiao Airport, which is far from Wujiaochang.

    • Actually our group decided to discuss the influence of the Greater Shanghai Plan on Wujiaochang area, the center area of this scheme, in two separate posts. This one is focusing on the instant change around this area which might be included in a larger picture not specifically about Wujiaochang. That might be the cause of the confusion. I think the overall structure of the study will be clearer when the upcoming post on the long term influence on Wujiaochang is finished.

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