Ankara (1929-35)/ Aerial photo of the Shift of Axis
This historical photograph was significant for the consequential shift of the Main North-South Axis designed in Herman Jansen’s Plan for Ankara, 1929. Taken in 1930, the photo reveals how the axis veered toward Çankaya (the hill at the upper part of the photo), where the Presidential Palace of Atatürk was located. The axis originally terminated at the entrance of the Grand National Assembly, which after the shift, the whole Government Quarter ( Centre of the photo, between the two boulevards) was bypassed. The move altered the whole urban form and growth of Ankara, and destroyed the symbolism of that was carefully scripted in the original Master Plan. It also reflected the loss of authority and power of the Grand National Assembly and the political environment at that time.