A town ought to be laid out as a different entire which is in the meantime integral with the old – existing town. Get simple associations with the current focus and direct way to deal with railroad station Sealdah.

Adjusting the goes for lucid and minimal structure with standard for the open space capacity and endeavor to secure assorted qualities of neighborhoods, as zenith of this thought, it prompted to the idea of unified town center.

Around this straight molded center the private units of higher thickness are gathered, which together with the focal capacities make vertical emphasize of the town. Behind this inside belt, the units which display the even stamp to the town are arranged. The minimization of the town tissue is accomplished through the huge extent of local locations arranged in coherence appropriated town center at one side and through most extreme thickness inside the private zones and grouping of open space at the opposite side. Movement correspondences associate all these auxiliary components in the way that secures characteristic standards and in the meantime most extreme isolation of passerby and engine activity.

Private avenues are such arranged that the descended framework and augmenting the cross streets avert quick movement and in the feeling of shape they shape a little square as a get-together place. Six sorts of lanes are arranged, of which I-IV go under the town roads and gathering boulevards, while V and VI are private avenues of which one section makes short, dazzle lanes.


Completely assessed occupants in both stages: 328,000.

Arranged convenience for the I stage is 218,000 occupants of which 129,141 tenants inside the individual development and 88,859 occupants inside the aggregate course of action of land.

After the selection of the General Master Plan, by direct engagement inside a similar Institution, point by point urban arrangements of the I stage are finished (1964-1966). They included fundamental ventures of the road arrange (counting water supply and the framework for waste and rain waters channels). The new town needs to acknowledge new capacities and needs to have a more extensive importance for the requirements of tenants that will live there (logical, instructive, wellbeing and regulatory).


Town development is considered in two primary stages mostly covering. Amid the principal years of development, the tenants would be essentially filled in from movements, while the second stage would cover common development which would bring about the contrast between the recently conceived and kicked the bucket in connection to settlers.


The experience from Chandigarh indicate absence of determination of the financial exercises, particularly industry, leaving obnoxious results to the town attributes. In this manner the issue of business needs to get an imperative noteworthiness through securing focuses for improvement of industry and satisfactory conceivable outcomes for work in non-temperate branches. It is numbered this would pull in families of the middle age which would secure more prominent investment of this gathering in dynamic populace of New Calcutta.


New Calcutta is consolidated by three sorts of urban frameworks – spiral, orthogonal and straight, described by the normal urban tissue and solidarity in differences. Its culmination is underscored by particular, by one hub delayed state of two dimensional network, flanked wide roads and in part green strips/water channels which are isolated from the rest tissue of Calcutta and saw as clear outskirts. The urban structure of New Calcutta is effortlessly comprehended on account of its communicated substance portrayed by various sorts of development and diverse capacities. Advance, the region which it has is not very enormous and that is one reason for good clarity. Outline, on which the private tissue can be perceived, homogenous by height and accentuate verticals of business and exchange objects, accomplishes great introduction and comprehensibility.


(Nilina Deb Lai, Calcutta Built Heritage Today, INTACH Calcutta Reginal Chapter, 2006)


Nilina Deb Lai, Calcutta Built Heritage Today, INTACH Calcutta Reginal Chapter, 2006

Andreas Volwahsen, Splendours of Imperial India, Prestel Verlag, Munich,2004

T.S. Randhawa, The Indian Courtyard House, Prakash Books, New Delhi, 1999


  1. It is interesting to see how the western concepts of urban planning, for example the concept of garden city, were widely accepted and studied around the world. New Calcutta had taken into account its local context while studying the western philosophies and that helped create a more habitable development scheme for its citizens.

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