SATELLITE CITIES AROUND KOLKATA
DECENTRALIZATION VS. HIGH DENSITY
Kolkata has truly been one of the densest urban communities on the planet. Its direct development along the Hooghly River demonstrates a high fixation design. A straight development of foundation dependably suggests a higher trafﬁc thickness than a scattered framework, since the ﬂow of trafﬁc fundamentally needs to experience all the transitional townships, over-burdening the development lines with more clients. To facilitate the high focus in KMA, the particular Development Authorities have proposed distinctive procedures all through history. 2001 the Vision 2025 Plan rejected the previous bi-nodal and multi-nodal systems and proposed rather the questionable term of a “polynucleotide multicenter city.
DECENTRALIZE INTO 4 Centers
Kolkata’s arranging is tied into the getting ready for the area or hinterland. Capture of disintegration Better utilization of existing limit. The advancement of the new urban communities fizzled on the grounds that the arranged region was insufficient. The ﬁrst depiction of Kolkata’s limits was done in 1794. The outskirts included then just the pilgrim city. From that point forward the limits have changed commonly attempting to adjust to the unregulated urban sprawl. The powers’ ward is constrained by the lawful limits and stands in this manner vulnerable for development past the breaking points. In the BDP 1966 was the ﬁrst time that KMA’s fringes were deﬁned. This reality is not a simply burocratic handle. Limits can have physical repercussions as they determinate spending plan, ﬁnancing, arrangements and usage.
(Urban Environment Management: Local Government and Community Action. Institute of Social Sciences, KMDA, New Delhi)
PROPOSED NEW HIGHWAY TO CONNECT THE SATELLITE CITIES
Verifiably, the development incline has been towards the East. The quickest developing areas are for the most part on the Eastern side of the Hooghly and dominatingly on the edges of Kolkata metro center. A direct north-south development design along the Hooghly River is apparent. The prevalence of Kolkata city is likewise obviously unmistakable. The city creates towards the East with a great deal more power.
To start with ofﬁcial proposition of a parkway on the eastern edge of the city. The street was ﬁnally manufactured further toward the East, since the development of the city surpassed all forecasts. CMDA, today known as KMDA, is still the arranging power of the KMA district. Be that as it may, its capacities and capabilities have changed significantly since its establishment in 1970. It is presently a planning association, which somewhat teams up in tasks which stretch out over Municipality fringes. The primary arranging, execution and ﬁnancing is currently driven by the neighborhood bodies, which are in part chose. This change to a more flat framework was acquainted all together with enhance the earth of nearby individuals in the urban arranging of the city. In any case, it has additionally been censured on account of its difﬁcult coordination. Proposition which include a wide range of Municipalities can be entangled, particularly if their legislatures compare to various political introductions. This is the present instance of Kolkata and Howrah. At the point when the CMDA was ﬁrst made it functioned as a hierarchic association. The arranging Authorities in charge of the entire KMA were responsible for the arranging and ﬁnancing of the subordinated bodies, which were simply actualizing associations. The CIT and the Calcutta Corporation monitored their name however got to be branches of the CMDA, losing awesome piece of their energy. The CMPO vanished when CMDA was established. The ﬁrst arranging associations in Kolkata were the supposed Calcutta Corporation and Calcutta Improvement Trust (CIT). Until the 1960s the arranging exercises had all been driven by British town organizers. After Independence, the nearby organizers needed to think of another association structure. The populace development and the absence of advancement activity had driven the city to a disorderly circumstance. The CMPO was made and they distributed the Basic Development Plan with the coordinated effort of the Ford Foundation. This arranging power was quickly substituted by the CMDA, today called KMDA.
(Ray Nisith Ranjan (1986) Kolkata -The Profile of a City. K P)
Kar, Kamal et al (1997) Participatory Impact Assessment,Kolkata Slum Improvement Project CMDA, DFID, New Delhi
Munshi, Sunil Kr. (1975) Kolkata Metropolitan Explosion: itsnature and Roots. People’s Publishing House, New Delhi
Ray Nisith Ranjan (1986) Kolkata -The Profile of a City. K P
Bagchi and Company, Kolkata Ray, A.K (No date) A Short History Of Kolkata. RDDHI-INDIA, Kolkata
National Institute of Urban Affairs (1988) State of India’s Urbanisation.
Urban Environment Management: Local Government and Community Action. Institute of Social Sciences, KMDA, New Delhi