Urban fabric and economic development – “Transition and Democracy in Mongolia”

Transition and Democracy in Mongolia
Pomfret, Richard
Europe-Asia Studies 52, no. 1, 2000, 149-160.

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This article is an analysis on Mongolia’s transformation to a market economy from 1990 to 2000. The first part describes the immediate economic reforms introduced after the 1990 president election. The difficulties in implementing new policies are pointed out. The second part is a review on the privatization programmes initiated by president Orchirbat and reinforced by law in the mid 1990s. The following sections provide analyses on the democratic political system and the market economy in Mongolia, highlighting the pastoral lifestyle and informal sectors as economic stabilizers, and the role of the political parties – Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party and the Democratic Coalition in the economic reform.

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