Bangkok (1999-2009) socio-economic development under BTS skytrain

In the study of socio-economic condition of Bangkok in relation with the vast amount of transportation infrastructure , the following thesis are studied in order understand the whole picture of development in Bangkok since the early 1990s and the aftermath of such development.

 

1.  The Bangkok Skytrain – The Transportation Solution for Bangkok People?    by Bengtsson, Magnus

This thesis discusses different factors about The Bangkok Skytrain and is investigating if the Skytrain was good planned in order to reach out to majority of people living in Bangkok.Bangkok is today one of the most congested cities with traffic deadlocks that could subsist for several hours. The Skytrain may be one part of the solution to get rid of these problems and make Bangkok less congested and with fewer traffic jams. The results show that there are several important key factors that influences people choice of using the Bangkok Skytrain as a public transportation method. The key factors include the people choice of owning their own car as a status symbol, as well as the availability to travel with it. The main difficulty with the Skytrain is that its routes do not cover the big settlements where people are actually living. Other factors that influences people choice about choosing the Skytrain instead of the buses is the high-ticket price and the bad supply of a good feeder service to and from the Skytrain stations.

 

2.Gentrification and Displacement: The Impacts of Mass Transit in Bangkok      by Moore, Russell David

There is limited research regarding gentrification’s relationship with mass transit and, more generally, a lack of qualitative research that explores the experiences of those impacted by gentrification. This study aims to bridge this gap by examining through interviews the experiences of new and incumbent residents in two neighbourhoods along a mass transit extension line in Bangkok.Results show that new-build gentrification and displacement are occurring in the case study area due to mass transit. Residents’ views are generally mixed. However, extremely negative views exist amongst those displaced, and the dangers of quantitative measures of displacement are evident.

 

3. Success and Failure in Urban Transport Infrastructure Projects       by Allport, Roger

This report is a response to a commission from KPMG for an evidence-based study on “how to define success of transport projects, and how important to success is having good funding and procurement strategies in place at an early stage”. We draw on our joint experiences, which lead us to concentrate on urban transport infrastructure projects, and in particular urban rail projects. The commission invites answers to the following three questions: What is success – how to define it? Success is encompassing financial, policy and durability measures of success. How important to success is procurement and financing? Our analysis based on case study evidence is that this is the one factor out of several that appears strongly correlated with success (in all respects). We have then investigated why this is. How important is early decision-making to success? We have drawn conclusions based upon the evidence.

 

References

Allport, Roger . Success and Failure in Urban Transport Infrastructure Projects. Imperial College London. 2008.

Bengtsson, Magnus. The Bangkok Skytrain – The Transportation Solution for Bangkok People? Master’s thesis, UMEÅ University , Department of Social and Economic Geography , 2006.

Moore, Russell David. “Gentrification and Displacement: The Impacts of Mass Transit in Bangkok.” Urban Policy and Research 33, no. 4 (2015): 472-89. doi:10.1080/08111146.2015.1028615.

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